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Moderna referenser


Jan Szczepanski <[log in to unmask]>


BIBLIST - Topics in Nordic research library user services <[log in to unmask]>


Tue, 5 May 2009 13:32:07 +0200





text/plain (1 lines)

Nya tider kräver anpassning, även av referenser.


Klippt ur The Latest from Digital Reference

New Citation Rules in the 7th Edition of the MLA Handbook

Posted: 04 May 2009 09:30 AM PDT

I got my copy of the newly published seventh edition of the MLA Handbook
for Writers of Research Papers <> in the mail
a few days ago and have been thumbing through it to see what's new in
guidelines for creating a list of works cited. There are a number of
notable changes from the sixth edition by Joseph Gibaldi.

Descriptors for Publication Medium

Items cited should now describe the "medium of publication consulted"
(136). So if your source was the print edition (of a book, report,
article, etc.), then you place the word "Print" at the end of the
citation. If the item is from a subscription database or out on the open
web, then you place the word "Web" at the end. If it was some sort of a
broadcast, then you can use "Radio" or "Television." If it was an audio
recording, there are choices like "CD" or "LP." For movies, you have
choices like "Film," "DVD," "Videocassette," "Sound filmstrip," "Laser
disc," and "Slide program."

There are many others mediums to use, including a bunch you use when you
are citing a digital file that you have access to independent of the
source where it was originally published, such as "a PDF file stored on
your computer, a document created by a peer using a word processor, a
scanned image you received as an e-mail attachment, and a sound
recording formatted for playing on a digital audio player" (210-211).
Here are some of the medium designators suggested for these situations:
"MP3 file," "PDF file," "JPEG file," "Microsoft Word file," etc.

Briefer Citations for Items in a Subscription Database

Another key change in the seventh edition is that articles found in a
subscription database now have a much more compact citation. Gone are
the URL for database (which was always a silly proposition) and the name
of the subscribing institution (i.e., the name of the library).

Sixth edition

    Carnovsky, Leon. "The Obligations and Responsibilities of the
    Librarian Concerning Censorship." Library Quarterly 20 (1950):
    21-32. JSTOR. Baruch College, Newman Library. 4 May 2009 . .

Seventh edition

    Carnovsky, Leon. "The Obligations and Responsibilities of the
    Librarian Concerning Censorship." Library Quarterly 20 (1950):
    21-32. JSTOR. Web. 4 May 2009.

URLs Not Always Required in Citations

I found this change a bit perplexing. The sixth edition always advised
URLs for web resources. The seventh edition now argues that adding "URLs
has proved to have limited value, however, for they often change, can be
specific to a subscriber or session of use, and can be so long and
complex that typing them into a browser is cumbersome and prone to
transcription errors" (182). It is noted that people are more reliant on
search to find known items on the web than on typing in URLs. The URL
should be added as "supplementary information only when the reader
probably cannot locate the source without it or when your instructor
requires it" (182).

If a student is clearly told by a teacher to add URLs, that's no
problem. But what if the instructor just assumes that the student will
use the new edition of the MLA Handbook; then the student will need to
make decisions about the findability of a web resource. Making those
decisions, though, will not be easy for the student, as the Handbook
really does not offer guidance about how to assess the probability of
someone being able to find a web resource you've cited. If I were an
instructor or someone making a guide to MLA citations for the library
web site, I would tell students to always include the URL. Even if the
URL gets mangled somewhat, the domain name may be in good enough shape
that at the very least it offers a starting point for someone wishing to
track down the resource.

There is much more that I want to explore in this new edition, which
also has a companion web site <> that I have
yet to really nose around in. That site has the full text of the book as
well as a couple of case examples showing students moving through the
entire research and writing process. When news of this web site became
known to librarians, there were interesting discussions on the list of
the ACRL Literatures in English Section
and on FriendFeed
regarding the limited license for access to the companion web site.
Basically, it looks like a library that owns a copy of the book can show
the online version to students (in reference interactions, classroom
settings, etc.) but can't give them the login information.

De åsikter som framförs här är mina personliga
och inte ett uttryck för Göteborgs universitets-
biblioteks hållning

Opinions expressed here are my own and not
those of the Gothenburg University Library

Jan Szczepanski
Förste bibliotekarie
Goteborgs universitetsbibliotek
Box 222
SE 405 30 Goteborg, SWEDEN
Tel: +46 31 7861164 Fax: +46 31 163797
E-mail: [log in to unmask]

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